Zero Knowledge Proofs are a cryptographic technique that allows one party (the prover) to prove to another party (the verifier) that they know a specific piece of information, without revealing any other details about that information.
The concept was first proposed in the 1980s by Shafi Goldwasser, Silvio Micali, and Charles Rackoff. Since then, it has been used in various fields, including Computer Science, Cryptography, and Blockchain technology.
In traditional Identity Verification processes, individuals typically need to provide personal information such as their name, address, and date of birth, as well as some form of identification such as a driver’s license or passport. While this information is necessary for many transactions, it can also be a target for identity theft or fraud. Additionally, individuals may be uncomfortable sharing personal information with third parties, even if those parties are trustworthy.